FX Trading: Major Currencies Pairs

Trading in all currencies takes place on the Forex market. Even if there are lots of currencies, most of the $4 trillion dollar forex volume is traded in 4 major currencies. The main currencies consist of these four currency pairings. In the Forex market, the movement of these currency pairings is the most closely monitored indicator, and it is regarded as the market’s overall barometer. As a result, when currency experts speak about the overall state of the Forex market, they are referring to these particular currency pairings. We’ll take a deeper look at the four most important currency pairings in this post.


The EUR/USD currency pair is the world’s most traded currency pair. Almost all of the world’s largest financial institutions employ EUR/USD-only traders. In spite of its recent introduction as a currency, the Euro has quickly risen to popularity and is now a component of the world’s most popular currency pair.

The Euro is the base currency in the EUR/USD pair, which is critical to know. This implies that all EUR/USD contracts are denominated in Euros instead of dollars. On the other hand, everything is denominated in US dollars, including the price changes and the profit and loss computations.

There are various benefits to trading this currency combination. One of these benefits is that the spreads on this pair are the smallest. You’ll pay the least amount of money possible in transaction charges. Spreads on EUR/USD are often narrower since it is a widely traded pair with a large number of traders providing quotations all the time.


The Swiss Franc is often regarded as a refuge currency due to its high level of stability. As a result, the USD/CHF pair depreciates when the global community views the US Dollar as a secure investment. Investors, on the other hand, rush to buy Swiss Francs when the US dollar is in jeopardy. If you look at this as a whole, the value of the Swiss banking system is heavily reliant on capital flows from the rest of the globe. The Swiss Franc’s status as a safe haven currency is enhanced by the country’s image as a stable one with good economic foundations.


After the US Dollar and the Euro, Yen is the third most traded currency.

That’s why there’s so much riding on the USD/JPY. Around 20% of the global Forex trade is accounted for by this pair alone, according to estimates. Also, bear in mind that the USD/JPY currency combination is quite volatile. In terms of currency sensitivity, this pair reacts the most quickly to changes in the federal funds rate in the United States. Since the Japanese government owns a substantial quantity of US debt, fluctuations in the yield have a great effect on the Japanese government’s cash flow.

The base currency is the US Dollar in this instance. As a result, all USD/JPY contracts are denominated in US dollars. Although the prices fluctuate in U.S. Dollars, the computations of profit and loss are in Japanese Yen.


There is a lot riding on commerce between the United Kingdom and the United States since the British economy is so significant globally. This is one of the market’s earliest currency pairings. As a result, it has earned the moniker Sterling.

The GBP/USD pair accounts for about 8% of the total trading activity on the Forex markets for the Pound Sterling. News about the US dollar has a huge impact on this currency pair. It’s also worth noting that this pair’s price moves with the EUR/USD exchange rate. When EUR/USD swings 5 percent in one way, there is also a 5 percent movement effect on GBP/USD. In addition, the GBP/USD pair has a negative connection with the USD/CHF pair.